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Looking back to the example of ‘Why did Peter do it?’, it seems clear that targeting the causes of crime is important, both for the criminal justice system and prison policy. The Prison Chaplains’ Report 2003 stated:
In many ways prisons have become the warehouse for the vulnerable offering little or no hope to many of those imprisoned there or indeed to the wider community that may be under the illusion that imprisonment will effect change.
Targeting the causes of crime can take place within the community, as an alternative to prison/custody. When imprisonment is necessary, a focus on rehabilitation and re-integration is of paramount importance. The question ‘what do we want people to be like when they leave prison?’ constantly needs to be asked. Therefore a number of issues need to be addressed.